Decorative rabbit breeds can be kept in the apartment. It is better to choose short-haired breeds in order to spend less time on grooming pets. The rabbit “lop-eared ram”, which has long hanging ears, is especially popular. Decorative rabbits are devoted to their owners, do not spoil furniture, live long, they do not need to be walked every day, they are pleasant to touch, they behave quietly. The life span of a decorative rabbit is 12 years. You can castrate such a rabbit at an early age, and then keeping such a pet at home will not bring problems.
The following are breeds of ornamental rabbits:
- Shorthair colored dwarfs with a shiny hair and small ears,
- Rex rabbits with plush wool,
- "Lop-eared rams" with a calm character and drooping ears,
- Angora dwarfs with fur up to twenty centimeters long (good care for such wool is required).
- For beginner rabbit breeders, it is better not to start a hermeline, because the females are rather complicated. Males hermeline (white ornamental rabbit or ermine) have a great coat, but due to the fact that the wool is very dense, it is difficult for them to tolerate the increased air temperature in the apartment, and the nature of their hermeline is extremely lazy.
The basics of keeping a decorative rabbit
The content of a decorative rabbit requires a serious approach, responsibility and considerable knowledge of care. The key rule is to initially purchase the cage and the necessary equipment, and only then the rabbit. These pets do not tolerate overheating, direct sunlight, stuffiness, and at a temperature of -20 ° C they will feel great. Excessive levels of ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide in the air, dampness, high humidity, and drafts are harmful to them. By the way, these animals do not sweat. The most comfortable temperature for them: + 18-20 ° Сhumidity 50%. Through the veins on the ears, heat is exchanged. If the pet does not tolerate heat, then you can wipe his ears with a rag dipped in cold water. If you cool your ears, then the rabbit itself will feel better. The cage can be covered with a wet towel, and you can also put a plastic bottle with pieces of ice in the cage.
At home, the rabbit should be kept in a cage. These are fearful animals, with a fragile spine, hold them tight in your arms. A rabbit may even die if a person releases him from his hands from a certain height. The animal does not need to communicate with the cat and dog, because they can start chasing the pet, and such races are harmful to him. Do not have a pet if the family is a baby. The children's curiosity pushes them to grab the animal by the ears, by the skin, as a result, the rabbit, having experienced such shocks, can get sick.
Since decorative rabbits are gentle creatures, they can catch a cold from a draft and die from stuffiness. Do not place the rabbit cage in the sun. The animal may make a noise, so in the morning you need to fix in the cage a feeder for grain, a tray, a manger for hay. If the equipment is loose, it will be played by the feeder and everything else. The cell should always have a dry litter, it must be laid at the bottom of the cell. For litter, straw or sawdust is suitable. At least 3 times a week, you need to clean and change the litter. Gastric diseases are often caused by dirty and wet litter.
Rabbits are neat, so you should wash the tray daily. Know that the pet will not go into the dirty tray, but will equip a new toilet nearby. Someone does not like the smell of a pet, however, if you look after it, then there will be no smell.
The thickness of the litter layer in the cell should be three to five centimeters, the cage should be in a place protected from drafts and cold. Hay or wood shavings are perfect for litter. Young rabbits tend to turn over the feeder. Make your pet a hanging feeder or a ceramic feeder (the latter will be heavier and difficult to turn over).
Decorative rabbits constantly need clean fresh water. It would be ideal to install an automatic rodent drinker in a cage. Pets do not need walks, however, in the warm season they can be led out for a walk on the grass (wear leashes on them).
When you open the cage and release the animal - in order to avoid drafts, you will need to close all doors and windows. When the pet walks, watch him so that he does not accidentally get injured. Remember that if the rabbit runs around the apartment, then get ready to clean it. Be sure to clean the cage on time, otherwise there will be a strong smell both in the room and from the animal itself.
To prevent the formation of tangles in long-haired rabbits, periodically comb out their hair.
The cage should be spacious - four times the size of the animal. There should be enough space in the cage for a tray, drinking bowls, feeders, a house for rest. Take the plastic cage tray. The lattice tray is not suitable, because the rabbit's paws will not be able to adapt to such a tray. Do not pour sawdust or straw into the bottom of the cage so that the rabbit does not constantly go to the toilet throughout the cage. The cage should have a non-slip bottom. You can pour straw, paper, sawdust, shavings from deciduous trees into the tray. A heavy ceramic bowl is suitable for grain feed. Fasten the drinker and nursery for hay to the bars of the cage.
The choice of cages for a decorative rabbit
Cages for a decorative rabbit
For decorative rabbits, a huge cage is not needed. The standard size of the cage for them is 1m. The cage size for the largest individuals should be up to 140cm. Over time, the animal grows, and if you bought a small cage, then the pet will feel constrained, get sick from a motionless seat. Keep in mind that an adult pet spends a lot of time in the cage, and not just sleeps. To maintain the hygiene of the animal, a grate on the pallet is required. Convenient drinking bowls, feeders, a sennik will also be needed. You can install a house in the cage, but it makes sense to do this only in the spacious cages where dwarf rabbits live. For a pregnant rabbit, you can temporarily install a house in the cage, in it she will arrange a place for rabbits.
Choosing a place for a rabbit
Do not put a cage with a rabbit near the battery, near air conditioners. For these pets, any overheating carries a danger. At a temperature of + 20 ° C the rabbits will be very comfortable. Animals are afraid of other pets, a computer, a TV, bright sunlight, drafts.
It would be ideal to place the cage away from noise sources and from the window. It is important that the place is bright and calm. Do not fit the entrance hall, kitchen, corridor. When ventilating a room - avoid drafts. If you put the cage on the loggia, then increase the likelihood of overheating of the animal. Keep in mind that the loggia should have good ventilation and a suitable temperature regime.
For owners of private houses, you can make an aviary with a canopy and enclose it with a small fence. So the animal will not be afraid of either rain or overheating, and you can let the rabbit out for a walk in the summer on the street.
Rabbit cage cleaning
The cell should be cleaned regularly. Clean the tray a couple of times a week. In the tray you need to sweep and replace the filler. Periodically wash the cell using a disinfectant. Street cells need to be washed weekly. Due to the fact that dirt is attractive to flies - in the summer, cells wash more often. To simplify cleaning, put a pot in the cage and wash it regularly. Every day you need to carry out surface cleaning. While the rabbit is walking, clean it in a cage. It is important to remove excess wool and hay, wash the drinker, and shake the hay.
Disinfectants are used for thorough cleaning, however, it is important to understand that pets have a high sensitivity to chemicals.
Delegol is perfect for cleansing the cell. Attached is an instruction. Before cleaning the cage with chemicals, move the pets to another cage or to another place.
The rabbit may show a runny nose, sneezing, tearing - and all due to the time of uncleaned hair. The rabbit owner may be allergic to dust and dirt. Flies also have no place in the cage. You need to take care of the pet.
The rabbit is a clean animal. From the rabbit there is almost no smell. The cage may smell like bedding and food. The owners will need to regularly clean and disinfect the cage, change the litter in the sleeping house, as well as the filler in the place for the toilet. If the rabbit is sexually mature, the chair is broken or the cleaning regimen is not respected, then the smell of the rabbit becomes more noticeable. There is nothing to be done with the smell of a mature rabbit, and other reasons can be easily eliminated. Having matured, individuals (both females and males) mark the territory, scatter feces in the cage and in the apartment.
Bathing pets will not eliminate the smell, because secretion products, not skin secretions, are sources of smell. The rabbit can independently clean its coat of odor or any impurities.
If you do not intend to breed pets, then you can sterilize them. If you want offspring - often clean in the cages. A solution of potassium permanganate is suitable for cleaning. Laundry detergents, dishwashing detergents, and cleaning products are not suitable for cleaning cages — their use will adversely affect the health of the rabbit.
Rabbit walks at home
For rabbit health, movement is important. Even a huge cell will limit the pet's mobility, and this will lead to nervous disorders, joint diseases, and a decrease in immunity. To keep the animal healthy, let him walk around the apartment for at least 20 minutes a day. Make sure that there are no jars of detergents, cords, power cables, poisonous indoor plants in the apartment. Make sure that there are no small gaps, because a curious animal can get stuck there. Keep an eye on your pet’s movement, especially if you don’t know its addiction and behavior. And do not leave even old rabbits unattended for a long time.
The rabbit needs toys, otherwise he himself will find toys from household items. As a result, various objects gnawed into pieces will be lying in the apartment.
You can increase the area for walking daily, but usually one room is enough for him. It is quite difficult to completely secure the entire apartment.
During the walk, the cage should be kept open - if the pet needs something, then he should easily get home. The tray can be removed from the cage. It is important to teach the rabbit to use the toilet in the tray.
On the street, the rabbit needs to be walked exclusively in clean places, otherwise it can eat up dirty grass. After a walk, inspect the rabbit for ticks.
The basis of the diet should be hay, clean water, animal feed, twigs, special mineral stones. Compound feed is granules with a complex of necessary substances. When choosing between special feeds and compound feeds, give preference to the latter. So that pets grow well - they are given not only feed. A decorative rabbit may not immediately eat pellets, because it first feasts on delicious grains, and then on to everything else. It is important not to remove the granules, as they regulate digestion and are important for rabbit teeth. Rabbits are given 1 tablespoon of feed 3 times a day. Adult rabbits are given 1-1.5 tablespoons 2 times a day. There should be a lot of hay in the cell. Keep the hay in the cage all the time. Eating hay forms a good feces, helps to grind teeth. You can occasionally give a white cracker. Twigs of pear, birch, willow, apple tree, oak, poplar, aspen are suitable for grinding teeth. In summer, you can give a few leafy twigs with leaves, in winter - coniferous branches. Rinse and dry the branches well, and collect them in unpolluted areas. Chalk, salt or vitamin stone will provide the rabbit with minerals and vitamins. Chilled boiled water is the perfect complement to your pet’s diet. Water must be clean and always present. Once every 1-1.5 days, water should be changed. Rabbits are not fed parsley and dill due to the high content of essential oils. A decorative rabbit is suitable for chamomile, yarrow, mouse peas. It is not worth giving alfalfa a lot. Herbs are introduced into the diet one leaf. If you find an upset stomach, immediately remove the herbs from the diet. Rabbits are fed with herbs and fruits starting from 4 months. Herbs need to be divided into small bunches, and fruits - cut into tiny pieces.
So, the main products are hay, feed and water. Additives - greens, fruits, vegetables. In the summer, it is not at all necessary to completely replace hay with fresh herbs. Also read in a detailed article how and how to properly feed a decorative rabbit.
Diseases and vaccinations for rabbits
Vaccinations for rabbits
Decorative rabbits suffer from infectious stomatitis, staphillococcosis, myxomatosis, infectious rhinitis, pasteurellosis, coccidiosis. Also, animals suffer from intestinal disorders (constipation in rabbits is not uncommon), eye diseases, ears can hurt, and excessive tooth growth causes problems. Helminthic infestations can lead to the death of a pet. Three to four times a year, the animal should be anthelmintic, even if it does not exist in nature and does not go anywhere. Vaccination helps protect the pet from any infectious disease. For more information, see rabbit vaccination.
It will not be amiss to vaccinate pets against paratyphoid, rabies, listeriosis, pasteurellosis. Mandatory vaccines against HBVC (viral hemorrhagic disease) and against myxomatosis. There are vaccines that help protect against several diseases at once.
Once a year, you need to do a comprehensive vaccine against miscomatosis and HBV. It can be done using one ampoule. When there will be outbreaks of other diseases in the region, then vaccinate the decorative rabbit.
At six weeks, rabbits are given the first vaccine against HBVC. If there is a threat of an epidemic, then four-week-old pets can be vaccinated. Three months later, the next vaccine is given from VGBK. Every six months, the vaccination should be repeated.
It is necessary to vaccinate against myxomatosis from April to October, since fleas, mosquitoes, and other blood-sucking insects transmit this disease in the warm season. There is no need to vaccinate a pet in the winter from myxomatosis. At least two weeks should pass between vaccinations with separate vaccines for myxomatosis and for HBV. It is undesirable to vaccinate nursing females and pregnant rabbits. If the pet becomes infected, then it is pointless to vaccinate, because this will not affect the disease. Only healthy animals can be vaccinated. After vaccination, you need to keep the decorative rabbit in quarantine for two weeks - during this time the vaccine will begin to act, and the animal will not become infected. It is advisable to deworm the pet ten days before vaccination. You can do vaccinations yourself or go to a veterinary clinic. But, if you vaccinate a rabbit, then be sure to follow the vaccination schedule.
Rabbits have sex
Key signs of puberty:
- The pet has become aggressive, overly active,
- He doesn’t go to the toilet, but wherever he wants,
- Females and males begin to actively dig the floor, the bottom of the cage, the carpet,
- Mark the territory
- The manifestation of a false pregnancy: a rabbit can pull out fluff, carry hay in a certain place,
- A pet can pester pets, a person.
- There are no drugs to reduce the sexual activity of rabbits. Output: castration or sterilization.
- Castration can also be carried out for a ten-week-old rabbit, but veterinarians recommend a five-month-old animal. Castration is a simple operation. Sterilization can only be carried out by a six-month-old rabbit. Performing this operation involves the removal of the uterus, both ovaries.
- It’s better to do the operation for a young rabbit, as he has few health problems. The procedure will be dangerous for the old rabbit. Due to the fact that rabbits are difficult to tolerate anesthesia - before these operations were considered incredibly dangerous. But now for this purpose there is a new generation of anesthetics.
The value of the game for rabbits
The rabbit needs to be played daily. If there is no entertainment - he will peel the wallpaper. You can’t let a pet run around the apartment without supervision - he can get hurt or go to the toilet in the corner. For decorative rabbits there are different toys: a balloon, a ball with a rattle inside, a cardboard box with holes, a linen or cotton rag, wooden carrots for a tooth point, a cardboard component of toilet paper. For the rabbit, you can arrange a fenced aviary or playpen.
Pet Breed Selection
Having decided to have a decorative rabbit, you first need to determine the breed. Thanks to breeding work, more than 200 pedigree lines for every taste were bred. Среди них есть короткошерстные, длинношерстные кролики. Они отличаются размерами, посадкой и длиной ушей, окрасом и характером.
Популярные породы для домашнего содержания:
- вислоухий карликовый баран,
- венский голубой,
- карликовый рекс,
Каждая порода имеет свои достоинства и недостатки. When choosing, it is worth considering how troublesome hair care will be. If it is long and fluffy, you have to comb the animal daily. Breeds with a kind and complaisant character, such as dwarf rex and dwarf sheep, are suitable for families with children.
Attention! It is better to buy a rabbit in a nursery or from breeders with a good reputation.
Key Features of Home Care
The content of decorative rabbits implies the arrangement of comfortable housing for them, the provision of good nutrition, and health care. These animals have several features:
- They have a weak immune system. In order for the animal to remain healthy, you will have to regularly be vaccinated, carefully monitor hygiene and nutrition.
- They are shy. A pet may die from a loud sound. A change of scenery, a trip on transport cause stress.
- The rabbit needs to move a lot, he will have to walk in the apartment and on the street, play with him.
- During puberty under the influence of hormones, pets show aggression. If breeding of ornamental rabbits is not included in the owner's plans, it is better to castrate or sterilize the animal.
- Rodents eat plant foods, they can not be fed sweets, meat, sausage.
- Rodents become attached to the owner and give in to training.
When planning to have an eared pet, it is important to consider its features. With good care, domestic rabbits live 5–8 years.
Cell selection and arrangement
Keeping decorative rabbits at home suggests a cage. It should be spacious. Up to 2 m2 of free space is allocated per adult. The size of the home depends on the breed. If the pet is dwarf, then the cage will need a small one.
Preference is given to designs in which a small house for rest will fit, a tray and there will be a place for animal games. Having risen to its full height, the animal should not rest its head against the ceiling. Decorative rabbits cannot be kept on the mesh floor, their paws are tender. At the bottom of the cells lay a litter of hay.
The tray is installed in one of the corners of the home. A sennik is placed next to it - rabbits are most often emptied with food. Housing is equipped with a feeder and a drinking bowl. In order to protect against capsizing, the containers are fixed on the walls of the cell.
Attention! Inside the house for the rodent is placed a house in which he will hide when he wants to relax or he will be scared.
Where to put the cage in the apartment?
When choosing a cage for a pet, it is important to find a suitable place for it in the house. Usually it is placed in the quietest room. For these purposes, a nursery, hallway or kitchen is not suitable. A lounge or lounge is preferred.
When choosing a place for a cell, other factors are also taken into account:
- good ventilation
- lack of draft
- temperature condition.
Rodents tolerate coolness rather than heat. They are comfortable at a temperature of + 17 ... + 24 degrees. Do not place the cage near heating radiators and in direct sunlight - the animal may die from overheating.
Attention! If the rabbit is hot, you can cool it by wiping the ears with a damp cloth.
Meeting a pet
Having completed the arrangement of the place where the animal will live, you need to get to know him better. How to tame a decorative rabbit in your hands, it is important to know in advance, it depends on how relations with the owner develop in the future. In the early days, the animal will be disturbed by the change of scenery. After the purchase, it is recommended to leave him alone, to give the opportunity to get comfortable in a new place.
After a short adaptation, you can approach the cage and treat the animal with a slice of carrots, putting it through the wire rack. Let him take a treat himself. The animal must get used to the smell of the owner. On day 3 or 4, it is worth releasing the rabbit out of the cage and stroking it. Soon he will perceive affection calmly.
Taming a rabbit to your hands, you should avoid such actions:
- you cannot approach the animal from behind, as wild animals do,
- it’s forbidden to take it out of the house by force, pull it by the tail and legs,
- hold him against his will on his knees
- squeeze his body
- scream, beat.
The manifestation of patience and love will soon bear fruit, the pet will get used to the new family. After that, you should learn how to train a decorative rabbit. These are smart creatures, they are able to master a few simple commands and tricks.
Cleanliness is the key to health. This rule also applies to rodents. His house will have to be cleaned regularly. Hay litter is changed every 3 days. The tray is cleaned daily. The filler should be completely changed 1-2 times a week to avoid the appearance of an unpleasant odor.
It is important to monitor the cleanliness of the drinkers. It is filled daily with fresh water. The container itself is disinfected once a week, scalded with boiling water. The feeder is regularly washed with soda solution, removing food debris.
Attention! For disinfection of cells and dishes do not use household chemicals.
If the animal is dirty, they wash it, but not completely, but partially. Bathing for a decorative rabbit is a lot of stress. During the procedure, they close the windows, pour warm water into the basin and gently wash the dirty parts of the body - paws, under the tail. The ears of the animal cannot be wetted. Only special shampoos for rabbits are allowed. After bathing, the wool is thoroughly blotted with towels and placed in heat.
Bathing decorative rabbit
The owner of the animal will have to cut his nails once every 3 or 4 weeks. This procedure is carried out carefully using special nippers. Wool also requires care. Every day it is combed out, especially during molting. Rabbits constantly lick themselves and swallow hairs, but they do not know how to spit up hair, like cats. As a result, lumps accumulate in the intestines, which impede digestion.
The diet of a decorative rabbit should be varied. It includes:
- compound feed
- cereals and legumes,
- vitamin and mineral nutrition.
Eared animals are very fond of fresh grass, but it is wilted before distribution. Freshly mowed greens contain a lot of moisture and essential oils, and therefore can cause intestinal upset. Not every grass is suitable for feeding decorative rabbits. The diet can include:
Hay and twigs are roughage due to which pets grind their teeth. Every day the animal is put an armful of dried grass the size of himself.
Attention! Decorative rabbits receiving complete feed, do not need additional feeding.
Wash vegetables thoroughly before serving. Small rabbits are crushed. New products are introduced gradually, making it possible to get used to them. If unpleasant symptoms are found, the food causing the disorder is excluded from the diet.
Feeding a decorative rabbit
Domestic herbivorous rodents cannot be fed meat, confectionery, convenience foods and sausages. Such food will provoke the development of diseases of the digestive system.
Rabbits are moving animals; they like to play and frolic. Metabolism slows down if the pet is constantly in a cage where there is no opportunity to run. Every day, the animal is released for a walk around the apartment, and in the warm season they are taken outside.
Inside the house are placed toys - hanging rings, tunnels and mats, so that the animal has something to do. While walking around the house, the rabbit can be trained by setting obstacles and manholes. Physical activity decreases in old age. Old rabbits rest most of the time.
Walking on the street
In summer, animals walk in the fresh air. To do this, you need a leash for the rabbit or harness. Such uniforms will not allow the animal to escape.
A good place to walk is the park or garden near the house with soft grass. Since rabbits are shy, it is important that no one is making noise nearby. Walk with an eared rodent in calm warm weather.
Attention! The collar will help protect the animal from insects. They don’t put it on at home, but this attribute is necessary for a walk.
Diseases of decorative rabbits
The maintenance and care of a decorative rabbit at home involves taking care of his health. These animals suffer from various diseases, most of them are provoked by mistakes made in nutrition and care, and some are caused by viruses and bacteria.
Signs of malaise in a rabbit:
- loss of appetite,
- tooth grinding
- depressed state
- tousled look
- diarrhea or constipation
- wet face
- discharge from the eyes, nose,
- spots, bumps on the body.
Decorative rabbit diseases
Having found a rabbit in a similar condition, you need to show it to the veterinarian without delaying the visit to the clinic for later.
Vaccination helps protect animals from infectious diseases. A serious danger to the life of the animal is:
Vaccinations are done in the veterinary clinic starting from a month and a half age. When purchasing a beast from a breeder, it is necessary to find out if he was vaccinated. This information is contained in the documents. In the future, the pet owner must adhere to the vaccination schedule.
Attention! Rabies vaccination is not included in the list of obligatory, but it is advisable to do it, since this disease is dangerous for humans.
Before vaccination, the animal is treated for helminths. The pet should be absolutely healthy at the time of administration of the drug. Myxomatosis vaccine is first made at the age of one month, and then every 6 months. The vaccine from HBV is administered at 6 weeks. There are complex preparations that form immunity to two diseases at once. They are used from a month and a half age.
Signs of puberty and reproduction
The pet is growing fast. At 4-5 months, his hormonal background changes, puberty sets in. At this time, the owner of the animal will have to decide whether to castrate him or find him a pair.
Sexually mature individuals cause a lot of trouble to the owner. Males mark territory, scattering droppings. A secret with a pungent odor is released from their genitals. The behavior of the pet also changes - it becomes aggressive.
Castration or sterilization will help to solve the problem. The procedure is carried out after the rabbit has reached the age of four months in the veterinary clinic. If the breeder has a desire to breed rabbits, then the pet will need a couple.
Attention! Rabbits multiply rapidly. The female sexual hunt occurs once every 6-10 days, depending on the time of year and conditions of detention. Pregnancy lasts 28–31 days, in the litter there are from 4 to 12 cubs.
The female and the male are kept in the same cage. After successful mating, the rabbit is sedimented. She needs peace, proper care and feeding, then healthy offspring will be born. In the cage, the females install a uterine house, in it there will be babies until they exit the nest.
Care and maintenance of a decorative rabbit at home requires patience and love from the owner. These animals are sensitive and weak, they need anxious care every day. When purchasing a pet, it is worth considering carefully whether the owner can provide the animal with everything necessary.
Accommodation Features: Rabbit House
If you decide to get rabbits and create a mini-farm in the village, then at the first stage you need to take care of their place of residence. A ready-made room for rabbitry is created or used. More compact animals will be housed in 2-tier cages. Keeping rabbits in a closed way is more convenient and rational. Drafts and dampness, prolonged exposure to the sun should be excluded, but create an opportunity for ventilation.
Outdoor Home Cage Option
In a pet, the cage is placed away from heating appliances. If you grow a rabbit in a hot room, then the "eared" will experience constant thirst, the state of health will worsen. Keeping it in a cage is not always recommended. To make a pet feel good, they let him run around the apartment.
Longer pet arrival times - their cage
Keeping a house clean for an animal is an important condition for its health. Dirt and urine cause diseases of the respiratory system and eyes, so the tray is removed three times in a week. Once a week, washed completely with disinfectants.
Portable Cell Option
Feeders, drinking bowls, manger for hay should be placed in the cage. They need to be well fixed so that the animals can not spill water or contaminate the feed. You need to wash them as often as possible.
Animals love to enjoy indoor flowers. It is necessary to remove poisonous plants from the apartment, install the rest on cabinets or hang in a cache-pot.
Is it possible to keep rodents with chickens? Their cohabitation is possible only if there are no other options. Although these are completely different species, they have common diseases. In addition, "eared" uncomfortable in a society of loud and bustling hens. Therefore, keeping chickens and rabbits together is not recommended.
Rabbit Feeding: Diet
Caring for a rabbit involves a balanced and thoughtful diet. It is necessary to track what and in what quantities the animals eat. There is a special compound feed to which they need to be trained. Due to the hard granules, the rabbit's teeth grind well, the growth of which never stops.
In summer, the best diet for rabbits is fresh grass.
In winter, hay is introduced into the diet. In the feeder should be solid food: carrots or other root crops, hard branches of fruit trees. Mixers are prepared with boiled vegetables or potatoes with the addition of bran. In a small amount, salt, bone meal and chalk should be present in the diet. Feeding occurs twice a day, a break between which is 12 hours.
When breeding rabbits, proper feeding is very important.
An important condition is the constant addition of water to the drinkers. Without water, feed is not fully absorbed. If the food is dry, then a day “eared” needs 0.5 liters. water. In summer, there is no such need for water, since the feed is juicy.
Basic care requirements
A rabbit is a moving animal that needs activity. For walking, they put on a harness (a collar with a leash). In order not to frighten the animal, the harness must be worn carefully and slowly. The harness is not tightened, but fastened, otherwise the rabbit can strangle itself out of fear.
Before buying a pet, carefully study the question of how to properly care for rabbits. There are many important methods of care, without which the animal will feel uncomfortable.
When grazing, the claws grind themselves, but in an apartment this is not possible. The haircut technique is simple, the nails can be cut with nippers. The procedure is carried out regularly: the nails are cut once a month. Trimmed claws gently file. Cut them carefully, as they contain capillaries.
The fur of the animal needs daily care (even during molting) so that no tangles are formed in the wool. Wool rolls quickly, so grab a comb or pooderka for cats or dogs.
Wool often enters the animal’s stomach, clogging its intestines. This is the most dangerous disease that can be prevented by caring for the fur.
Is it possible to bathe rabbits? This procedure does not need a furry pet when it is at home. And washing it is not so easy. If the rabbit is very dirty, then swimming is necessary. The process of taming to this procedure is not possible. If the pollution is partial, then wipe the dirty place with a damp cloth.
The teeth of the animal grow throughout life, and caring for the rabbit at home involves regular grinding. Teeth grind with:
- Special feed,
- Solid vegetables
- Fruit tree branch
- Special sticks with vitamins and cereals, toys.
Neutering a rabbit involves removing the reproductive organs in males. Sterilization is a necessary procedure that helps:
- To increase their growth by 20% without additional costs for feed,
- Keep males in one cage,
- Indoor rabbits cease to breed,
- Increase their life expectancy.
Castration of rabbits contributes to their more relaxed behavior: they are not aggressive and do not bite. They are neutered at the age of 4 months to 2 years.
Taming to the tray, tray fillers
The “eared” gets used to a special toilet installed in the cage quickly. When he begins to go to the tray in the cage regularly, then you can try to train him to the toilet in one place in the house.
It is possible to recognize why a pet refuses to go to a place suitable for it, for a number of reasons:
- The tray is not large enough or uncomfortable
- A nasty animal filler
- Unsuitable place chosen for the toilet.
To teach a rabbit to “visit one place” is quite realistic. It is better to tame an adult castrated rabbit than a three-month-old rabbit. Gradually he will recognize his tray.
With artificial filling, rabbits feel more comfortable
Artificial fillers create more comfortable conditions for animals and make it easier to care for them, which removes the question of how to teach a rabbit to a tray. Fillers are:
- Compressed wood pellets,
The most high-quality, safe and expensive are silica gel fillers, which change 1 time in 30 days. The choice is up to the owner.
Чтобы понять, как приучить кролика к рукам, нужно понаблюдать за ним. Первое время он будет пуглив, поэтому нужно разговаривать с ним, чтобы он освоился и привык к окружающей обстановке и новому хозяину.
Кролики в домашних условиях
Since this animal is "burrowing", raising above the ground for him is a shock. Do not lift the animal by the ears. For him, it is very painful and can damage the ear membranes and muscles. This must be done very carefully so as not to cause fear:
- Stroke the animal through the hair - from head to tail
- Take it under your torso, supporting it from below
- Do not lift high, keep it level with you.
If you behave correctly and carefully treat the animal, then the question of how to tame a rabbit in your arms will disappear by itself.
Rabbits are animals with a developed nervous system. Stress for him is loud sounds, noise, flashes of light, an unexpected change in daily routine. Try to protect him from this and do not touch when he is eating, washing or sleeping.
For "eared" created special toys. Small rubber balls, soft toys, old books will do. They develop rabbits physically, and they do not spoil household items so much. How to wean a rabbit to nibble wires: give him a toy.
Why does the rabbit bite?
Aggression of the animal is manifested in the form of grunts, throws and bites. They bite most often because of fear. A female with cubs can also bite, protecting offspring. Food and territory are also subject to protection, so the reasons may be different. In order to wean a rabbit to bite it is necessary:
- Try changing his diet,
- Treat him with care and care in order to relieve fear.
It is important for the pet to know that he and his offspring are safe, then he will stop behaving aggressively. An important physiological factor, such as sleep.
Sometimes it seems that animals do not sleep at all. But most often they don’t sleep at night, and during the day they look awake, but in reality their eyes are a little closed and they hardly react to sounds: this is how rabbits sleep.
Life expectancy and sex determination
On average, furry rodents live from 5 to 10 years. It all depends on the care and maintenance, on the attitude to the animal. Large females become sexually mature at 5-8 months, and decorative ones at 4-6 months. The instinct of reproduction is pronounced, pregnancy lasts about a month. In litter in large breeds - up to 12 cubs maximum, in ornamental - up to 5 individuals.
White Giant Rabbit Family
After the rounding, small and helpless rabbits appear. Newborn babies are born naked, eyes open after 2 weeks. They begin to eat on their own on the 15-17th day after birth. In the first days of life and during the growth period, rabbits are needed; the rabbit must be well fed, and her diet must be made more diverse. Care for rabbits should be carefully and carefully. The babies must be with their mother for up to 3 months, after which they are prepared for sale. So the care of rabbits up to 3 months is carried out by the female.
Sex of rabbits can be determined closer to 3 months of their life
Until three months of age, no one will give an answer to the question of how to find out the sex of a rabbit, since it is impossible to find out sex during this period. In older animals, the male can be distinguished from the female only by reproductive organs. The sex of the rabbit is determined by carefully examining the reproductive system of the rabbit and the rabbit. This is the only method by which one can say a boy or girl was born.
How to determine the age of the rabbit?
It is impossible to determine exactly how many years animals live on external grounds. But there are a number of tricks that allow you to do this:
- Palpation of ribs that are well palpated. Up to 6 months, ribs are soft,
- The color of tooth enamel. The yellower the teeth, the older the rabbit
- In an adult "eared" eyelids sag, swell, become uneven,
- The length of the claws, even if they are sheared, these places are clearly visible. In older individuals, they are bent.
Experienced rabbit breeders are able to determine the approximate age of the animal according to these characteristics. In size it is impossible to do this, since the size depends on the breed and a number of other factors.
Decorative rabbits: care and nutrition
The first question when buying a decorative rabbit is “What should I feed a decorative rabbit?” In fact, the question of feeding a rabbit is quite simple. In pet stores there is a fairly large selection of feeds for rabbits, which include wheat, corn, vegetables, herbs and other useful ingredients. But in addition, chalk and tree branches should be present in the rabbit feeder, because they like to nibble the bark. And with the question “How to feed a decorative rabbit” you will no longer have a question.
If you want to dilute your pet’s diet and look for “How to feed a rabbit at home” in a browser search engine, then do not forget about such “green” foods: leaves, grass. If you purchased a rabbit, but there was a nuisance, and he fell ill, even if your care for the decorative rabbit was correct. What then to do? If your pet has diarrhea, then you can take prophylaxis at home. You should give him a solution of pharmacy chamomile, clean the cage, remove the feed.