Sarcoidosis is a systemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, which is characterized by the formation of small bead-like nodules called "granulomas" in the lungs and nearby lymph nodes. If many granulomas are collected in one place, then they can affect the functioning of the lungs, which makes it possible to diagnose sarcoidosis. The classic signs and symptoms of sarcoidosis are shortness of breath, fatigue, weakness, weight loss, chest pain, dry cough and swollen lymph nodes around the lungs. If you do not want to treat sarcoidosis with steroids, then you can try to alleviate the symptoms with natural remedies, including herbs, a healthy lifestyle, diet, meditation and yoga.
Pulmonary sarcoidosis treatment with folk remedies or medication?
Traditionally, doctors around the world treat this violation with a classic approach - with the use of hormones that reduce shortness of breath and somewhat improve the condition of patients. But in the treatment of this disease, a paradox arises - when it is treated, patients die, and if the patient is not treated, regardless of why, refuses treatment or abandons treatment on their own, then such patients are completely exempted from this disease!
The reverse processes that occur normalize the degenerate node! And hormone therapy causes concomitant disorders in the form of obesity, diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis and other things, which, in turn, themselves destroy the body.
Alternative treatment of lung sarcoidosis is that the patient needs to pay attention to the general strengthening of the body's immunity. The only alternative in the fight against such a disease is to strengthen his body, which will allow him to cope with its violation. Therefore, taking care of your immunity is vital for such patients!
How to treat pulmonary sarcoidosis or lymph node sarcoidosis (this is not the same thing) with folk remedies?
Methods and approaches to the treatment of sarcoidosis in a home environment are aimed at increasing the body's immunity. More specifically, the following activities can be distinguished:
- hardening (within reasonable limits, with the right approach),
- fresh air (ideally mountain),
- food with a predominance of fruits, vegetables and fiber. As well as bad,
- light and regular physical activity (bike, swimming, Nordic walking),
- Improving the acid-base balance of body fluids towards alkaline. (why is it so important - see the link).
This is a basic set of measures that can increase the body's immunity, and therefore have a high probability of treating sarcoidosis with folk remedies.
Many who have encountered sarcoidosis of the lungs or lymph nodes often wonder: "Is it possible with sarcoidosis . »Now you know exactly what to focus on in the treatment of sarcoidosis at home.
It is necessary, without fanaticism and with sound logic, to approach the implementation of daily activities aimed at strengthening the body's immunity. With this approach, you definitely will not let yourself die from sarcoidosis.
And if you have any questions - you can ask them through comments or make an individual consultation with me through the site menu.
But, the saturation of the body with anions plays a significant role in the restoration and strengthening of the body. Therefore, the role of anionic pads in the treatment of sarcoidosis, is the place to be. Such pads enhance immunity, use it on health, but be careful not to fakes!
I’ve seen people like them in the Health Bench pharmacy chain, by their appearance they can’t be distinguished, but natural ones have a cotton base, and those that I saw have a plastic one. And the chip, instead of a cotton one with anions deposited using sophisticated technology, turned out to be drawn, but
Unfortunately, you will not be able to see these differences without knowledge of the matter.
On the topic of anionic saturation of the body, look at the material of the Chizhevsky chandelier and air ionizers for the home.
For advice - where you can get the correct anionic pads for the treatment of sarcoidosis - you can contact me through the contact details in the site menu.
Also, you can write the experience or knowledge that you have on the treatment of sarcoidosis. Be healthy and happy!
What it is?
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease in which many organs and systems (in particular the lungs) can be affected, characterized by the formation of granulomas in the affected tissues (this is one of the diagnostic signs of the disease that is detected by microscopic examination, limited foci of inflammation in the form of a dense nodule of various sizes) . The lymph nodes, lungs, liver, spleen are most often affected, less often - skin, bones, organ of vision, etc.
Reasons for development
Oddly enough, the true causes of lung sarcoidosis are still unknown. Some scientists consider the disease genetic, others that pulmonary sarcoidosis occurs due to impaired functioning of the human immune system. There are also suggestions that the cause of pulmonary sarcoidosis is a biochemical disorder in the body. But at the moment, most scientists are of the opinion that the combination of the above factors is the cause of the development of sarcoidosis of the lungs, although not one theory put forward confirms the nature of the origin of the disease.
Scientists studying infectious diseases suggest that protozoa, histoplasma, spirochetes, fungi, mycobacteria and other microorganisms are causative agents of lung sarcoidosis. And also endogenous and exogenous factors can be the cause of the development of the disease. Thus, it is generally accepted today that pulmonary sarcoidosis of polyetiological origin is associated with a biochemical, morphological, immune disorder and genetic aspect.
The incidence is observed in persons of certain specialties: firefighters (due to increased toxic or infectious effects), mechanics, sailors, millers, agricultural workers, postal employees, chemical workers and health workers. Also, sarcoidosis of the lungs is observed in people with tobacco dependence. The presence of an allergic reaction to some substances that are perceived by the body as foreign due to impaired immunoreactivity does not exclude the development of lung sarcoidosis.
The cascade of cytokines is the cause of the formation of sarcoid granuloma. They can form in various organs, and also consist of a large number of T-lymphocytes.
Several decades ago, there was an assumption that lung sarcoidosis is a form of tuberculosis that is caused by weakened mycobacteria. However, according to the latest data, these are different diseases.
Based on the x-ray data obtained during pulmonary sarcoidosis, three stages and their corresponding forms are distinguished.
- Stage I (corresponds to the initial intrathoracic lympho-iron form of sarcoidosis) is a bilateral, often asymmetric increase in bronchopulmonary, less often tracheobronchial, bifurcation and paratracheal lymph nodes.
- Stage II (corresponds to the mediastinal-pulmonary form of sarcoidosis) - bilateral dissemination (miliary, focal), lung tissue infiltration and damage to the intrathoracic lymph nodes.
- Stage III (corresponds to the pulmonary form of sarcoidosis) - severe pneumosclerosis (fibrosis) of the lung tissue, no increase in intrathoracic lymph nodes. As the process progresses, the formation of confluent conglomerates occurs against the background of increasing pneumosclerosis and emphysema.
According to the clinical and radiological forms and localization, sarcoidosis is distinguished:
- Intrathoracic lymph nodes (VHL)
- Lungs and VGLU
- Lymph nodes
- Respiratory system, combined with damage to other organs
- Generalized with multiple organ damage
During sarcoidosis of the lungs, the active phase (or phase of exacerbation), the stabilization phase and the phase of reverse development (regression, calming down of the process) are distinguished. The reverse development can be characterized by resorption, compaction and less often - calcification of sarcoid granulomas in the lung tissue and lymph nodes.
According to the rate of increase in changes, abortive, delayed, progressive or chronic nature of the development of sarcoidosis can be observed. The consequences of the outcome of pulmonary sarcoidosis after stabilization of the process or cure may include: pneumosclerosis, diffuse or bullous emphysema, adhesive pleurisy, basal fibrosis with calcification or absence of calcification of the intrathoracic lymph nodes.
Symptoms and first signs
The development of pulmonary sarcoidosis is characterized by the appearance of nonspecific symptoms. These include, but are not limited to:
- General weakness
- Weight loss,
- Loss of appetite,
- Sleep disturbances
- Night sweats.
The intrathoracic (lympho-iron) form of the disease is characterized for half of patients by the absence of any symptoms. Meanwhile, the other half tends to highlight the following types of symptoms:
- Pain in the chest,
- Joint pain
- Temperature rise,
- The occurrence of erythema nodosum (inflammation of the subcutaneous fat and blood vessels of the skin),
- Percussion (examination of the lungs as percussion) determines the increase in the roots of the lungs bilaterally.
As for the course of such a form of sarcoidosis as the mediastral-pulmonary form, then the following symptoms are characteristic of it:
- Chest pain
- Auscultation (listening to characteristic sound phenomena in the affected area) determines the presence of crepitus (a characteristic "crisp" sound), scattered dry and wet rales.
- The presence of extrapulmonary manifestations of the disease in the form of damage to the eyes, skin, lymph nodes, bones (in the form of Morozov-Yunling symptom), lesions of the salivary parotid glands (in the form of Herford symptom).
The most common consequences of this disease include the development of respiratory failure, pulmonary heart, emphysema (increased airiness of the lung tissue), bronchial obstruction syndrome.
Due to the formation of granulomas in sarcoidosis, pathology is observed from the organs on which they appear (if the granuloma affects the parathyroid glands, calcium metabolism is disturbed in the body, hyperparathyroidism is formed, from which patients die). Against the background of weakened immunity, other infectious diseases (tuberculosis) can join.
Without an accurate analysis, it is not possible to clearly classify the disease as sarcoidosis.
A lot of signs make this disease similar to tuberculosis, therefore, thorough diagnosis to establish a diagnosis is necessary.
- Survey - decreased ability to work, lethargy, weakness, dry cough, chest discomfort, joint pain, blurred vision, shortness of breath,
- Auscultation - hard breathing, dry rales. Arrhythmia,
- Blood test - increased ESR, leukopenia, lymphopenia, hypercalcemia,
- X-ray and CT - a symptom of “frosted glass”, pulmonary dissemination syndrome, fibrosis, pulmonary tissue compaction, are determined
Other devices are also used. An effective bronchoscope is one that looks like a thin, flexible tube and is inserted into the lungs for examination and taking tissue samples. Due to certain circumstances, a biopsy can be used to analyze tissues at the cellular level. The procedure is performed under the influence of an anesthetic, therefore, it is almost invisible to the patient. A thin needle nibbles off a piece of inflamed tissue for subsequent diagnosis.
Prevention of disease complications
Prevention of disease complications involves limiting contact with factors that could cause sarcoidosis. First of all, we are talking about environmental factors that can enter the body with inhaled air. Patients are advised to regularly ventilate the apartment and do wet cleaning to avoid dusty air and mold. In addition, it is recommended to avoid prolonged tanning and stress, as they lead to a violation of metabolic processes in the body and intensification of the growth of granulomas.
Preventive measures also include avoiding hypothermia, as this may contribute to the attachment of a bacterial infection. This is due to a deterioration in lung ventilation and a weakening of immunity in general. If a chronic infection is already present in the body, then after confirming sarcoidosis, you must definitely visit a doctor to find out how you can contain the infection most effectively.
Reviews of patients indicate their benefit only at the very beginning of the disease. Simple recipes from propolis, oil, ginseng / rhodiola are popular. How to treat sarcoidosis with folk remedies:
- Take 20 g of propolis in half a glass of vodka, insist in a bottle of dark glass for 2 weeks. Drink 15-20 drops of tincture in half a glass of warm water three times a day 1 hour before meals.
- Take 1 tbsp. Before meals three times a day. a spoonful of sunflower oil (unrefined) mixed with 1 tbsp. a spoonful of vodka. Conduct three 10-day courses, taking breaks of 5 days, then repeat.
- Daily, in the morning and afternoon, drink 20-25 drops of tincture of ginseng or Rhodiola rosea for 15-20 days.
Fatty fish, dairy products, cheeses that enhance the inflammatory process and provoke the formation of kidney stones should be excluded. It is necessary to forget alcohol, limit the use of flour products, sugar, salt. A diet is required with a predominance of protein dishes in boiled and stewed form. Nutrition for pulmonary sarcoidosis should be frequent small portions. It is advisable to include in the menu:
- sea kale,
- sea buckthorn
In general, the prognosis for sarcoidosis is conditionally favorable. Death from complications or irreversible changes in the organs is registered only in 3 - 5% of patients (with neurosarcoidosis in approximately 10 - 12%). In most cases (60 - 70%), it is possible to achieve a stable remission of the disease during treatment or spontaneously.
The following conditions are considered indicators of an unfavorable prognosis with severe consequences:
- African American patient background
- adverse environmental conditions
- a long period of fever (more than a month) at the onset of the disease,
- damage to several organs and systems simultaneously (generalized form),
- relapse (return of acute symptoms) after the end of the course of treatment for corticosteroids.
Regardless of the presence or absence of these symptoms, people who have been diagnosed with sarcoidosis at least once in their life should visit a doctor at least once a year.
The clinical picture of lung sarcoidosis
Symptoms of pulmonary sarcoidosis are characterized by a wide variety, and very often the almost complete absence of clinical manifestations and patient complaints. The first signs of the disease do not have a pronounced specific picture, and the patient is worried about weakness, malaise, loss of appetite, and fever.
The progression of the disease is manifested by cough, chest pain, heart failure, pneumosclerosis, emphysema.
The clinical picture primarily depends on the degree (form) of the pathology; the speed of the inflammatory process and the phase of sarcoidosis are also distinguished.
Classification of sarcoidosis according to various clinical indicators:
|The degree of the disease according to x-ray data|
|The development of the inflammatory process|
Symptoms of sarcoidosis of the lungs, although they have a fairly wide clinical diversity, they have long been known and well described. However, despite the depth and neglect of the process, sarcoidosis is often detected by chance, with the current x-ray examination.
I degree of pulmonary sarcoidosis - in 50% of cases, the disease does not manifest itself clinically, the other half of the patients develop weakness, cough, erythema nodosum, fever, pains in the joints and chest.
In patients with II degree, there are no signs of the disease in 20% of cases. Patients develop cough, shortness of breath, dry and wet wheezing in the lungs, chest pain. At this stage, extrapulmonary localization of the disease may develop: on the eyes, skin, bones.
Grade III (pulmonary) is diagnosed as chronic and is accompanied by shortness of breath coughing, pain in the chest and joints. Despite the development of emphysema, and pneumosclerosis, an asymptomatic course of the disease is possible. However, as a rule, the disease is characterized by severe clinical consequences: cardiopulmonary failure and signs of chronic bronchitis appear.
The video in this article will introduce readers to the features of the course of the defeat.
Treatment of sarcoidosis of the lungs is a rather complicated task.Drug therapy involves exposure to a patient with very strong medications - corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, antioxidants, antihypoxants, anti-inflammatory drugs.
In some cases, the disease backs off, and remission occurs. However, such cases are rarely recorded, and concern mainly people of a young age. Based on this, after the detection of granulomas within 3-4 months, patients are monitored. After the obtained dynamic indicators make up a treatment scenario.
The main therapy for patients with granulomatous damage to the respiratory system is to take corticosteroid hormones and small immunosuppressants. The effectiveness of such treatment is quite high, and recovery occurs in 90% of patients in the initial stages.
Of great importance is the intake of an intracellular antioxidant - tocopherol acetate (vitamin E). This drug stops the development of pneumofibrosis, a beneficial effect on the metabolic process. To prevent protein metabolism disorders, inhalations of the corticosteroid hormone hydrocortisone are used. Hypoxia is stopped by antihypoxants.
Drugs for the treatment of sarcoidosis:
|Drug group||Name of drugs|
|Corticosteroids (pictured)||Prednisone, dexamethasone,|
|Small immunosuppressants||Delagil, Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine|
|Antioxidants||Acetate Tocopherol, Retinol,|
|Anti-inflammatory||Indomethacin, Piroxicam, Ibuprofen,|
To undergo a therapeutic course, complex treatment is recommended, which is affected by the degree of the process and the phase of the disease. Reception of prednisolone begins with the maximum dose, and then it is gradually lowered.
Hormone therapy is combined with the use of anti-inflammatory drugs - ibuprofen, indomethacin. Also, complex treatment includes intake of vitamin E, potassium preparations, hydrocortisone aerosols.
Patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis of the 1st degree, in some cases there is no need to take corticosteroids. Side effects on the body from treatment are stronger than the disease itself.
The probability of spontaneous remission in patients with 1 degree reaches 60-80%. Therefore, at the initial stage, it is first necessary to adhere to waiting tactics, with clinical examinations every 3 months. Further deterioration of the patient's condition is a marker for including systemic glucocorticoids in the treatment tactics.
The presence of the necessary criteria for the conduct of a particular therapeutic measure affects how to treat lung sarcoidosis of the 2nd degree. Nevertheless, 2, as well as 3 degree, requires a majority of complex corticosteroid therapy. It is after this treatment that the greatest number of positive effects and an improvement in the radiological picture are observed.
Instructions for the use of hormone therapy have both their indications and contraindications:
The duration of drug therapy is 6-12 months. If necessary, re-treatment is carried out, after a 3-4 month break. The treatment is carried out by a TB doctor, and patients should be monitored in a TB dispensary until they are differentiated from pulmonary tuberculosis.
In certain cases, systemic drug therapy is replaced by alternative, well-established treatment methods. They are used in case of intolerance to hormonal medications or in the absence of reaction to them, with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer) and a number of other contraindications.
Non-drug treatment methods:
- Plasmapheresis - do 3-5 procedures and remove for each from 110 to 1200 ml of plasma. In this case, it is replaced with a solution of sodium chloride,
- Lymphocytapheresis - 3 sessions every 7 days. This procedure allows you to achieve the required dose of prednisone, due to which the lymphocyte receptors are saturated with drug components,
- Physiotherapeutic procedures: electrophoresis of novocaine with aloe, ultrasound with hydrocortisone on the scapular region, phonophoresis.
- Diet. A dietary regimen is very important, therefore, patients are advised to limit their intake of fluid, refuse table salt and spicy food. Use should be more protein and potassium-containing foods.
- Lung transplantation. The most radical method and is used for patients with end-stage lung. After transplantation, there are good survival rates, however, the price of such an operation makes it inaccessible for widespread use. In addition, cases of relapse in the donor lung were recorded.
It should be noted that there are methods associated with alternative medicine: homeopathy or nutritional supplements. However, it is not worth focusing on such methods, due to the lack of evidence of their effectiveness, and in some cases the possibility of worsening the condition of patients.
Treatment with folk remedies
You should be very careful about therapy that is not associated with the use of long-tested and approved methods. Treatment of pulmonary sarcoidosis with folk remedies is more likely to be supportive in nature and should be coordinated with the attending physician.
Alternative recipes and recommendations for pulmonary sarcoidosis:
- Steam inhalation over boiled potatoes. This procedure has widespread use in lung diseases, warming all respiratory organs, and reduces the inflammatory process.
- Breathing exercises 2-3 times a day stimulate improvements in the work of the respiratory system.
- Tincture of lilac flowers. Rub one teaspoon of tincture into the chest area. For cooking, pour a glass with lilac flowers with vodka or alcohol and let it brew for a week.
- Propolis tincture, which can be purchased at the pharmacy or prepared yourself. Tincture should be taken 3 times a day, previously dissolved in warm water, 30 minutes before breakfast, lunch, and dinner. To complete the full course, you need to use 100 ml of tincture.
- The tincture of pink radiola is suitable for the treatment of sarcoidosis. Take it 2 times a day, before breakfast and dinner, no more than 20 drops.
The most effective folk recipes at the 1st stage of the disease, however, to confirm the positive results of home therapy, a clinical examination is mandatory.
For any patient, the most acceptable result after a course of therapy is a complete cure. Therefore, it is possible to answer the patient’s question “can sarcoidosis of lungs be completely cured?” Yes, indeed this pathology belongs to the group of benign granulomatosis, and it can be completely cured.
However, there is one obstacle that does not allow us to completely forget about problems with the respiratory system - this is a fairly high percentage of relapse. It follows that most patients after completing courses of medical therapy achieve complete cure, but they must be monitored in the dispensary for several years.
The likelihood of relapse depends on the stage at which treatment began, the patient's age. If a spontaneous remission has occurred, then the disease in 90% will return within two years. The risk of relapse in untreated patients is higher than those who have undergone a course of corticosteroids. Mortality ranges from 2-5%, and pulmonary fibrosis becomes its cause.