Useful Tips

How to write an essay


Hello, dear readers of the blog This small form of literary creation originated in France. Translated from French, the word "essay" means "experience, attempt, sketch».

This is a series of fragmented impressions, momentary observations, strokes and shades, which the author recalls for one reason or another.

To better imagine how to write an essay, imagine you are being asked to think of the word “waltz”. Associations will appear in your head (dance, Vienna, old ball, school waltz, first waltz), your own memories, quotes from classical works.

In the process of working on an essay, you will understand that such an enumeration links together the pictures that have arisen, and you will complete it only when the flow of associations ceases.

How and when did the essay originate

Be the first to write them reporters started. From newspapers and magazines, short notes gradually moved to the pages of fiction.

The great French thinkers D. Didro and FM. Voltaire turned the essay into the original genre of philosophy. An example of how to write such things was the famous book by M. Montaigne, “Experiments”.

Fashion for everything French has made the essay popular in Europe. The Age of Enlightenment brought echoes of essay to Russia. The first Russian journalists led by N.I. Novikov began to try their hand at writing notes on topical topics.

The essayist in a free form tells the reader about social problems that concern him, shares his life experience.

Know spelling rules essay should be every student. Short exam essays help answer questions of the text proposed for analysis, reveal creative potential, demonstrate the ability to think independently.

An essay is a kind of literature that suggests that such an essay is determined by its theme and purpose. Depending on this essay it happens:

  1. literary critical
  2. historical
  3. philosophical
  4. spiritual and religious.

In form, this small genre is close to a personal diary, letter, essay (what is this?), Reviews (what is this?), Review.

What is an essay - its plan and structure

We will call the signs of an essay that make it clear that this, for example, is not an essay, not an article, and not a sketch.

  1. Small volume. The author writes extensively, the reader quickly runs through the eyes.
  2. Free structure (composition). In pure form, the works of this genre do not have a strict structure. It is allowed to start right away with the arguments, then go on to pose the problem. Or draw a conclusion at the beginning, and leave the conversation about the reasons “for dessert”.

At school, for the sake of the convenience of those who check and write, it is proposed certain structure essay. It is as follows: statement of the problem - arguments (1st, 2nd, 3rd) - conclusion.

  • Having a problem. Despite the fact that the plan for writing an essay has a free composition, the idea of ​​the writer should unfold around one problem stated at the beginning of the text. All arguments voiced in the main part are required to illustrate it and smoothly bring the reader to resolution. In conclusion, it is necessary to explicitly or indirectly voice your thoughts.
  • Individual style. It doesn’t matter what essay you write: historical or philosophical - its obligatory feature should be a bright and rich language, original style. This tradition is rooted in journalism.

    The author of a newspaper article runs the risk of being forgotten immediately after reading it, so the journalist tries to make his speech memorable. Each experienced newsboy has a signature technique, a highlight.

    When writing an essay, it is important to “turn on” personal charm and make your text live, not like the others.

    To use all this is not only possible, but necessary! True, such a luxury is not so easy to afford if you write an essay in English. But in foreign languages ​​there are lots of figurative expressions that adorn speech. Proximity to Conversation. Do not overdry the text. Scientific turnovers, multiple sentences, clericalism, stamps are contraindicated in such a genre as essays.

    The simpler the language of the narrative, the shorter the sentences, the easier the content is perceived. True, this does not mean that the bar should be lowered to the level of slang, jargon and swear words.

    What are the symptoms of an essay?

    1. A specific topic or question that needs to be addressed. An essay cannot be a work that reveals several issues.
    2. It reveals the author's considerations on the topic, but this does not mean that they provide comprehensive information.
    3. A new vision of a topic and not at all a work of art. An essay may be historical, biographical, journalistic, scientific or otherwise.
    4. The content of the written essay determines the personality of the author, how he sees the world, thinks, feels.

    Essays are used in schools and universities. It is written in short form or in the form of a large statement if there is a lot of information and the author wants to consider the problem from all sides. The ability to see what others are missing is an advantage in writing an essay. Based on the test results, students are selected at the university.

    The main goal of the essay

    The goal is called the ability to think creatively, to develop the skill of writing thoughts. In an essay, a person reasonably proves the point of view, correctly forms the structure of the presentation of the material, conveys the essence of the problem, if there are options for solving it.
    The text is filled with examples on the topic and draw conclusions for the sake of which it is compiled.

    How is an essay different from an essay?

    It is important to understand how the essay differs from the essay, especially with regard to test items in educational institutions. The main differences:

    • The text focuses on the opinion of the author, and not on the evaluation of a work of art.
    • There is no image and description of what is happening, the task of the author is to convince the reader of ideas and call him into dialogue.
    • The style of writing an essay is more paradoxical and aphoristic, it has imagery.
    • It uses metaphors, comparisons, and allegories (read about impersonation).
    • The author sets out the perception of the topic, makes comparisons and selects examples.

    Subject to these rules, the essay will meet all the requirements.

    Essay Essays

    There are common features of this genre, which are described in dictionaries:

    • A small amount of written text.

    There are no clearly defined boundaries, but the volume should be between three and seven pages of printed text.

    • Clearly defined topic and its disclosure.

    The theme for the essay is always selected. It must be unique, cannot contain many thoughts at the same time.

    • Freedom of writing is one of the features.

    There is no clear framework for writing an essay. It does not obey the laws of logic, but acts contrary to it. This is just the case when you need to do the opposite.

    • Ease in writing.

    The author should express his thoughts so that the reader, without any stresses, understands what he wanted to say. It is not necessary to complicate things; there is a statement that an essay can only be written by an author who is well versed in the topic, he sees it from the inside.

    • The paradox of the written text.

    This genre implies a reader’s surprise when mutually exclusive statements and statements are presented (see metonymy).

    Despite the fact that the essay was written in a free style, it should make sense of the statements of the personal positions of the author.

    • When writing, you can not use conversational slang, reduce words, and also use frivolity. The nature of the written creation must be serious.

    Before you start writing an essay, you should decide on the topic, volume. You should start with the main idea in order to immediately attract the attention of the reader.

    How to start writing an essay?

    What to look for when writing?

    1. It is necessary to determine the theme and purpose of the essay, its individual sections.
    2. To attract the attention of the listener or reader, you need to enter a fact or phrase at the beginning of the text.
    3. At the beginning of the text should be a description of the issue on the topic.
    4. The text should have a structure, that is, be divided into paragraphs, sections. There should be a logical connection between them, so the integrity of the work will be achieved.
    5. The text of the essay should be written emotionally. This can be achieved by applying short sentences or phrases with different intonations.
    The essay text must be emotional!

    How to write an essay?

    Before writing, you can read the essay (examples are on the Internet), as well as in this article, just below.
    There is a rule for an essay on how to write it. The text should have a suitable title.

    The structure can be made in any form. The volume of the text is small, it is not necessary in the conclusions to repeat the main idea stated at writing.

    No need to insert statements such as: “I can talk about this or that,” or others like that. Because such a formulation is characteristic for writing essays. Try to better reveal the essence of the question posed to you.

    Topic selection

    Before you start writing, you need to decide on a topic, and this can take a lot of time, especially in a situation where nothing comes to mind. But there are exceptions when the teacher himself determines the topic, when there is a direction in the task, when you can take the topic to choose from the proposed list or write about what you want (a free topic).

    Clear direction in the assignment

    According to the conditions of your assignment, the topic of the essay will be known in advance. At the same time, the writing style will be different, and it will depend on where the work is supposed to be taken. The text for the university will not be the same as when entering a new job, or when passing the exam at school. The reader or listener of your essay will expect originality from him, the ability to express his thoughts correctly, clarify your professionalism or something else.

    Free essay essay

    This is the most difficult task, although on the other hand, unlimited possibilities open up before the author, because you can write about anything you want. In order not to be greatly confused in diversity, you need to choose an area that is not only interesting, but also in which you have knowledge.

    Some describe the events that have taken place, reliable and interesting facts, celebrities, architecture and much more. Others may talk about themselves or criticize everything. The nature of the text will vary depending on what you write about.

    Plan and structure of the essay

    First, you should consider how the essay structure will look. To do this, just grab and sketch what you will write about. This will be the "skeleton" of the text, and subsequently it will grow into "flesh". Each text needs a writing plan, and especially an essay. Now you understand how to write an essay plan.
    We can say that the essay is presented in three steps:

    Main part

    The main part considers several points of view on the same issue.
    This part of the text can consist of several points, first comes the thesis - the author’s thought, which he is trying to convey to the reader. Then the argument and evidence of a previously written thesis. For example, the current situation from personal or public life, some theory or a proven scientific fact.

    If there are two arguments for one thesis, because one may not convince the reader, they will simply overload the essay more.

    However, the author has the right to lead to one thesis an unlimited number of arguments. This will depend on the structure of the essay and its volume. The main thing is that the text should be coherent and logical.
    Arguments can be arranged in the sequence:

    • Statement.
    • Explanation.
    • Example.
    • The final statement.
    • Conclusion

    Final part

    In conclusion, the essay must draw the correct conclusions for each thesis given in part of the text. So the reader will get a logical conclusion on what they have read. The author should describe the problem and draw a conclusion.
    It turns out that at the beginning of the text in the introductory part to interest the reader, and at the end to summarize the information presented. This is the basic rule of how to write beautiful essays.

    The right conclusion is important in the essay.

    How to write a conclusion in an essay?

    The conclusion is to put everything together and present the essay as a whole. Here it is necessary to summarize all of the above and summarize.
    Some helpful tips:

    • In the process of expressing your thoughts, you should alternate between long and short phrases. You will facilitate the reading process, and the text itself will be dynamic.
    • No need to use unfamiliar and complex words, they will make the text incomprehensible.
    • Try to write less generalizing phrases, because the essay should reveal the uniqueness and individuality of the author, as well as indicate his personal qualities.
    • The use of humorous phrases should be careful. Some readers may be annoyed while reading.
    • It is necessary to talk about personal experience, impressions and memories on the chosen topic, so you will convince the reader of the truth written.
    • It is necessary to adhere to the chosen topic and not "go aside", describing incomprehensible facts.
    • Before submitting the material, the essay should be read, making sure that there is logic in the text.
    • For greater conviction use the results of research and observation.

    Theme: “An open heart makes a person truly rich”

    “It is not customary to evaluate a person by the level of his wealth. Money can come as a result of hard work, but not give true happiness. A person with developed spiritual qualities, moral principles can become truly rich. In everyday life, we follow moral values ​​and this is how our morality is manifested. A person does not make rash, bad deeds, because he is afraid that he might be punished for it, he does not want to be an outcast of society.

    After all, spiritual development occurs as a result of observing the rules of behavior in society, respect for other people, following moral principles. Greed and greed supplant light feelings in a person, uproot moral qualities. It's hard to believe, but the emotions of bad deeds are replaced by the benefits received. Such a person will justify the crime for the sake of his own gain. Some interpretations of the word "rich" say that this is a man with a wide heart, he is "kept by the gods." He must help other people, serve for the benefit of mankind. Humanity is the real value.

    An open heart makes a person rich.

    The beauty of the soul helps to create a wide circle of communication, it attracts other people to the person. Do not think that a rich person is necessarily spiritually poor, this is a general misconception. If a person was able to earn a certain amount of money, he respects family values, conducts his business honestly and is not hiding from anyone, then his soul will be open to help sick children, baby homes, homeless animals, people with low living standards.

    It is difficult to become happy and rich without a soul, without a sympathetic heart. Property and money can seize power over a person; he will by all means try to maintain his wealth in a world of constant change. When we talk about the moral behavior of a person, we mean that he does not withdraw from society, participates in the social activities of the city, makes donations that save the lives of children and adults.

    If we recall the past, then in the Russian Empire, one of the items of expenses of rich people was contributions for the maintenance of disabled people, orphans, and for the development of education. Famous museums and galleries made charitable contributions to the treasury. These traditions are now successfully working and foundations continue to be created, supporting low-income citizens with cancer.

    Only a truly person can be rich, if he is doing well in all spheres of life, he is open to society and mutual assistance. ”
    This is a small example of an essay that can be taken as a basis in writing works.

    What is an essay

    The word "essay" came to the Russian language from French and historically goes back to the Latin word exagium (weighing). French ezzai can literally be translated into words experience, trial, attempt, sketch, sketch.

    An essay is a prose composition of small volume and free composition.expressing individual impressions and thoughts on a specific occasion or issue and knowingly not claiming a definitive or exhaustive interpretation of the subject.

    In the "Explanatory Dictionary of Foreign Words" L.P. Rat essay is defined as "an essay that treats any problems not in a systematic scientific form, but in a free form."

    The Great Encyclopedic Dictionary gives the following definition: "An essay is a genre of philosophical, literary-critical, historical-biographical, journalistic prose, combining the author’s emphasized individual position with a laid-back, often paradoxical presentation, focused on colloquial speech."

    "Brief Encyclopedia of Literature" clarifies: "An essay is a prose composition of a small volume and free composition, interpreting a particular topic and representing an attempt to convey individual impressions and considerations, one way or another connected with it."

    Some signs of an essay:

    • the presence of a specific topic or question. A work devoted to the analysis of a wide range of problems, by definition, cannot be performed in the genre of essays.
    • the essay expresses individual impressions and thoughts on a specific occasion or issue and does not knowingly pretend to a definitive or exhaustive interpretation of the subject.
    • As a rule, an essay suggests a new, subjectively colored word about something, such a work may have a philosophical, historical-biographical, journalistic, literary-critical, popular-scientific or purely fiction character.
    • in the content of the essay, first of all, the author’s personality is assessed - his worldview, thoughts and feelings.

    This genre has become popular in recent years. The creator of the essay genre is considered to be M. Montaigne ("Experiments", 1580). Today, an essay is offered as a task quite often. It is one of the main components of a package of documents (upon admission to an educational institution or employment). Essay contest helps to choose the very best from the diversity of the best!

    It is important to write an essay for a young specialist.

    How the candidate managed to submit himself, how he described his achievements and mistakes, allows the employer to determine whether this person is good enough for business, whether his work experience is sufficient to meet expectations in the future and to benefit the company (organization, enterprise).

    The purpose of the essay is to develop such skills as independent creative thinking and writing out your own thoughts.

    Writing an essay is extremely useful because it allows the author to learn to clearly and correctly formulate thoughts, structure information, use basic concepts, highlight causal relationships, illustrate experience with relevant examples, and substantiate his conclusions.

    The most relevant topic for an essay by a young specialist is the topic "Me and My Career". The topic of the essay is given so that the commission (to the employer) can easily assess the features of your thinking, creative abilities, enthusiasm and potential. The best way to achieve such a result is to write directly and frankly, while remaining honest with yourself. If you are not honest, there is every chance that your composition will be considered unnatural.

    Essay outline and outline

    The structure of the essay is determined by the requirements for it:

    1. thoughts of the author of an essay on the problem are presented in the form of short abstracts (T).
    2. thought should be supported by evidence - therefore, the argument is followed by arguments (A).

    Arguments are facts, phenomena of public life, events, life situations and life experiences, scientific evidence, references to the opinions of scientists, etc. It is better to give two arguments in favor of each thesis: one argument seems unconvincing, three arguments can "overload" the statement made in a genre focused on brevity and imagery.

    Thus, the essay acquires a ring structure (the number of theses and arguments depends on the topic, the chosen plan, the logic of thought development):

    • introduction
    • thesis arguments
    • thesis arguments
    • thesis arguments
    • conclusion.

    When writing an essay, it is also important to consider the following points:

    1. The introduction and conclusion should focus on the problem (in the introduction it is posed, in the conclusion - the author’s opinion is summarized).
    2. It is necessary to highlight paragraphs, red lines, establish a logical connection between paragraphs: this ensures the integrity of the work.
    3. Style of writing: the essay is inherent in emotionality, expressiveness, artistry. Specialists believe that the proper effect is provided by short, simple, varied intonation sentences, skillful use of the "most modern" punctuation mark - dash. However, the style reflects the personality traits, it is also useful to remember this.

    Before you start writing an essay, pay attention to the following questions. Answers to them will allow you to more clearly determine what what to write in an essay:

    1. When discussing your personal qualities or abilities in an essay, ask yourself:
      • Do I differ in one quality or another from those I know?
      • What is this quality manifested in?
    2. About the activity you were involved in (are):
      • What made me do this activity?
      • Why did I continue to do this?
    3. About every event of your life that you mentioned:
      • Why do I remember this particular event?
      • Has it changed me as a person?
      • How did I react to this?
      • Was this a revelation for me, something that I had not previously suspected?
    4. About each person you mentioned:
      • why did I call this particular person?
      • Am I striving to become like him?
      • What qualities do I admire?
      • was they told something that I will remember all my life?
      • Have I reconsidered my views?
    5. About each of your preferences and what you don't like:
      • why do i like it or not like it?
      • Has this circumstance affected my life to a large extent?
    6. About your every failure:
      • What did I learn as a result?
      • What have I learned from this situation?

    Essay Classification

    In terms of essay content, there are:

    • philosophical
    • literary critical
    • historical
    • artistic
    • artistic and journalistic
    • spiritual and religious, etc.

    According to the literary form, essays appear in the form:

    • reviews
    • lyrical miniatures,
    • notes,
    • diary pages
    • letters and others

    There are also essays:

    • descriptive
    • narrative
    • reflective
    • critical
    • analytical and others

    In this case, the compositional features of a work performed in the genre of essays are the basis.

    Finally, the classification of essays into two large groups is proposed:

    • a personal, subjective essay, where the main element is the disclosure of one or another side of the author’s personality,
    • objective essay, where the personal principle is subject to the subject of the description or some idea.

    An essay by a young specialist on a specific topic belongs to the second group.

    Signs of an essay

    You can highlight some common signs (features) of the genre, which are usually listed in encyclopedias and dictionaries:

    There are, of course, no rigid boundaries. The length of the essay is from three to seven pages of computer text. For example, at Harvard Business School, essays are often written in just two pages. An essay of up to ten pages is allowed in Russian universities, though typewritten.

    A specific topic and its subjective interpretation is emphasized.

    The topic of an essay is always specific. An essay cannot contain many topics or ideas (thoughts). It reflects only one option, one thought. And develops it. This is the answer to one question.

    Free composition is an important feature of the essay.

    Researchers note that the essay is inherently designed so that it does not tolerate any formal framework. It is often built contrary to the laws of logic, obeys arbitrary associations, and is guided by the principle "Everything is the other way around."

    It is important for the author of the essay to establish a trusting style of communication with the reader in order to be understood, he avoids intentionally complicated, obscure, overly rigorous constructions. Researchers note that a good essay can only be written by someone who is fluent in the topic, sees it from various angles, and is ready to present the reader with a non-exhaustive but multi-faceted look at the phenomenon that has become the starting point of his thoughts.

    Propensity to paradoxes.

    The essay is intended to surprise the reader (listener) - this, according to many researchers, is its mandatory quality. The starting point for the thoughts embodied in the essay is often an aphoristic, vivid statement or paradoxical definition, literally pushing at first glance undeniable, but mutually exclusive statements, characteristics, theses.

    Inner semantic unity

    Perhaps this is one of the paradoxes of the genre. Free in composition, focused on subjectivity, an essay at the same time has an internal semantic unity, i.e. the consistency of key theses and statements, the internal harmony of arguments and associations, the consistency of those judgments in which the author’s personal position is expressed.

    Speech Orientation

    At the same time, it is necessary to avoid the use of slang, template phrases, word abbreviations, and too frivolous tones in the essay. The language used in writing an essay should be taken seriously.

    So, when writing an essay, it’s important determine (clarify) its topic, determine the desired scope and objectives of each paragraph.

    Begin with the main idea or bright phrase. The task is to immediately grab the attention of the reader (listener). Here a comparative allegory is often used when an unexpected fact or event is associated with the main topic of the essay.

    What mistakes to avoid

    Keep in mind, but rather print out a list of the most common mistakes to immediately check yourself during the task:

    1. Logic violation. “Leaping” from one thought to another, illiterate selection of arguments, inconsistency in the content of parts of the whole among themselves violate the logic of the narrative.
    2. Verbosity. Try to use only the most necessary words. If something can be deleted without prejudice to understanding the meaning, feel free to cross it out.
    3. Spelling mistakes. Most often they are found in terms. If you are preparing to pass the social studies, start a glossary of terms.
    4. Speech Errors. Carefully use phraseologisms, watch how words are combined with each other, avoid repetitions, actively select synonyms, antonyms (what is this?) To create contrasting contrasts, do not confuse paronyms (what is this?).
    5. Stylistic mistakes. Keep your writing clear. Do not litter the essay with low style vocabulary.
    6. The key to success will be the lack of actual errors. This will emphasize your erudition, will inspire confidence in you. In addition, you will not be deprived of an additional score.

    Writing an interesting essay is easy. The main thing is to think over and perfect every detail.

    The best way to succeed is to write essays regularly and for whatever reason. This skill is useful at school, at university, when applying for a job.

    Perhaps you will like writing so much that over time you, as V. Nabokov, will become the author of a bestselling book born of many youthful sketches.

    The author of the article: Maria Dubrovina

    How to choose a theme

    If there is no list of topics among which you can choose one, but only a general direction is given, then you need to consider which audience the essay is for. Options can be different: a teacher at a university, a commission, a literary community, an employer. If an essay is written for the teacher, then you need to consider what qualities will be assessed. Based on this, the topic should be chosen so that it is possible to show the abilities that the verifier expects from the author: originality, the ability to logically build sentences, literacy, professional qualities, etc.

    When choosing the topic of writing an essay from the proposed list, you should choose one in which there is certain knowledge, considerations, or simply a strong interest.

    If the essay is focused on the employer, then it is desirable that both the topic and the content of the essay reflect the character of the author, his sincerity, originality, humanity and personality.

    How to start an essay

    It often happens that a person with sufficient eloquence and the ability to express his thoughts on paper, has difficulty in starting an essay, including an essay. Thinking about the beginning can stretch for a sufficiently long time, which greatly overshadows the process of creative work. Use our tips on how to start an essay.

    Tip 1. Before you start writing an essay, you need to formulate an idea, define a goal and find sources of information for your work.

    Tip 2. Use the freewriting technique (free writing). Its essence is to write down all thoughts that come to mind without editing it and not following grammar, punctuation, style, etc. A great way to help deal with a creative crisis and find an extraordinary idea.

    Tip 3. It is important not to focus on the introductory part. An introduction can also be written after the main part has been written. In this case, it is already clear what the essay is about, so the introduction is easier to write.

    Tip 4. One of the fairly common options is to write an essay, starting with a question, the answer to which is given later.

    How to make an essay plan

    You should not strive to immediately draw up a perfect plan. In the process, it can be edited. It is not necessary to make a plan when writing an essay, as well as stick to an already written plan. The absence of restrictions and tight boundaries is an advantage of this genre. If it’s easier for the author to adhere to a strict plan, then you should take the time to draw it up.

    All main thoughts should be reflected in the form of points of the plan. Then, as detailed as possible, detail it, breaking each item into subparagraphs.

    Then you should re-read the plan, make sure that each item is in its place and sufficiently detailed.

    What is the structure of the essay

    The order of writing an essay usually comes down to three steps.

    Like any written work, the essay contains an introduction or introduction.

    A well-written introduction makes the reader interested and read the essay to the end. The introductory part may contain the wording of the problem and its essence, a rhetorical question, a quote, etc. It is important to create a special emotional attitude and bring the reader to the problem under consideration.

    In the main part, one can give different points of view on the problem under consideration, affect the history of the issue.

    Usually the main part consists of several subitems, each of which consists of three sections: thesis (proven judgment) rationale (arguments used to prove the thesis), sub-conclusion (partial answer to the main question).

    Arguments are judgments made to convince the reader of the truth of a certain point of view. These can be various situations from life, opinions of scientists, evidence, etc.

    Arguments can be built in the following sequence:

    1. Statement.
    2. Explanation.
    3. Example.
    4. The final judgment.
    5. Conclusion

    In conclusion, all conclusions made for each thesis presented in the main part are combined. The reader should come to a logical conclusion based on the arguments given. In conclusion, the problem is reintroduced and a final conclusion is made.

    If the purpose of the introductory part is to interest the reader, then the purpose of the last sentences is to add integrity to the overall picture, leave the work in the reader's memory and prompt reflection.

    The difference between an essay and an essay

    Writing an essay correctly is different from writing a regular essay. Therefore, if the task is to write an essay, then you need to take into account the characteristic features of the genre that distinguish it from the rest.

    Unlike the essay in which the work of art is analyzed, the essay contains the author’s point of view and his position on the problem under consideration.

    Also, one of the distinguishing features of an essay from an essay is its paradox, that is, the goal is to surprise the reader, impress him, using vivid images, aphorisms, and paradoxical statements.

    Writing Tips

    All essay writing guidelines are advisory in nature. Use our tips on how to write an essay, taking into account the information presented above, and create an essay that will not leave the reader indifferent.

    Writing Tips:

    1. When writing an essay, alternate short phrases with long ones. In this case, the text will be dynamic enough to be easy to read.
    2. You should not use complex and incomprehensible words, especially if the meaning of the word is unfamiliar.
    3. Use as few generic phrases as possible. The essay should be unique, individualized, reflecting the personality of the author.
    4. Humor must be used very carefully. Sarcasm and audacity can annoy the reader.
    5. Reflection of personal experience, memories and impressions is a great way to confirm your point of view and the conviction of the reader.
    6. It is necessary to adhere to the topic and the main idea, not deviating from it and not describing unnecessary details.
    7. After completing the essay, you should re-read it, making sure that the logic of the presentation is preserved throughout the entire narration.
    8. The use of facts, research results in an essay is an excellent option for giving credibility.

    Essay Writing Rules

    • Of the formal rules for writing an essay, you can name only one thing - the presence of a title.
    • The internal structure of an essay can be arbitrary. Since this is a small form of writing, it is not necessary to repeat the conclusions at the end, they can be included in the main text or in the heading.
    • Argumentation may precede the formulation of the problem. The statement of the problem may coincide with the final conclusion.
    • In contrast to the essay, which is addressed to any reader, it therefore begins with "I want to talk about." And ends with "I have come to the following conclusions.", an essay isreplicaaddressed to the prepared reader (listener). That is, to a person who in general terms already imagines what will be discussed. This allows the author of the essay to focus on revealing the new and not clutter up the presentation with official details.

    Errors in writing an essay

    Unlike tests, essays do not suggest multiple-choice format (when you are offered several answers to choose from). Writing an essay is not limited in time, you can rewrite it many times, ask friends to read your essay. Take advantage of all the possibilities and try to avoid common mistakes.

    Do not think that you can confine yourself to a spellcheck. Перечитайте свои эссе и убедитесь в том, что там нет каких-либо двусмысленных выражений, неудачных оборотов и т. д. Примеры, которые не стоит "брать на заметку":

    "I am proud that I was able to resist the use of drugs, alcohol, tobacco."

    "To work in your company (organization), located in a wonderful place where there is a lot of architecture in the Gothic style, will be an exciting problem for me."

    Tiring preface. Not enough parts.

    Too often, an interesting essay loses in what is a listing of the statements without illustrating them with examples. The essay is characterized by the usual cliches: the importance of hard work and perseverance, learning from mistakes, etc.

    Essays are limited to a certain number of words, so you need to use this amount wisely. Sometimes this means giving up some ideas or details, especially if they have already been mentioned somewhere or are not directly related to the case. Such things only distract the reader (listener) and overshadow the main topic of the essay.

    The longer the offer, the better - some candidates think so. However, this is far from the truth. Long phrases do not yet prove the author is correct, and short sentences often produce a greater effect. It is best when in an essay long phrases alternate with short ones. Try reading the essay out loud. If you feel your breath catch, break the paragraph into smaller paragraphs.

    When you finish writing an essay, do this exercise. Assign a letter to each paragraph: either S (short), or M (medium), or L (long). S - less than 10 words, M - less than 20 words, L - 20 or more words.

    The correct essay has the following or similar letter order - M S M L M S.

    An incorrect essay characterizes this sequence of letters - S S S M L L L.

    Do not overload the essay.

    When writing an essay, drop the words from the encyclopedias. The incorrect use of such words distracts the reader's attention, downplays the importance of the essay.

    Avoiding such common mistakes, you can interest the expert commission (employer) in your experience.

    Essay check

    Of great importance when writing an essay is checking the first version. When writing a draft, your main task is to develop arguments, polish the main thoughts and arrange them in strict sequence, accompanying them with illustrative materials or supporting data, etc. Having written the first option, let it rest for a day or two, and then return to the work of verification and improvement, with a fresh mind.

    When checking an essay, first of all, pay attention to the following important points:

    1. First of all, it’s important to remember that essay - subjective genre, therefore, its assessment may be subjective. Do not focus on the whole mass of employers.
    2. Presented data:

    No matter what question you answer, you need to achieve certain goals. You are expected to keep the following in mind when writing an essay:

    Did I answer the question asked?

    How clear and precise have I expressed my thoughts?

    Does what I wrote naturally sound, are there any mistakes?

    Also make sure that you:

    • Demonstrated their desire to build their careers in a certain direction.
    • They were “aimed” at building a career in a specific field.
    • They included from one to three qualities, strengths, and characteristics that distinguish you from the mass of other candidates.
    • They presented at least one strong argument in favor of the employer inviting you to their business.
  • Communication / Writing Skills.

    Essays are also designed to test your writing skills and your writing skills. The consultant on the selection of specialists says: "Your essay should not characterize you as a future writer or philologist, you are a future leader, manager. For business success, it is important to be able to present your ideas well, and those who can easily express them on paper communicates with other people. "

    Poorly written (submitted) essays will not help you get accepted into the business.

    The image of a real person.

    The expert commission (employer) wants to make out in the essay the image of the person who wrote it. Not only test results and work experience are important, but also the nature of the candidate. “We are looking for something elusive in the documents that the numbers cannot show, so we hope to find it in the essay. In no case do not miss the opportunity to tell us about ourselves in our essays. This will help us to make sure that we consider the candidacy of a very real person , not just the sum of the various metrics. "

    The following is important here: to be honest, sincere, unique, that is, to be yourself!

    Experts believe that often graduates, applicants really want to seem like someone: a leader, a mature personality, that they forget to be just a man!

    The only way to make the commission (employer) make out the image of a specific person behind all the documents is to introduce an element of personal, unique, and unique into the essay. Your essays will immediately become more interesting and eye-catching. They will help to stand out among hundreds of other applicants.

    "The essay should be as personalized as possible. It is boring to read essays that abound in common phrases - it is a waste of time. You still don’t understand anything about the personality of this candidate."

    Everything that you write in the essay must be confirmed with examples, make references to your experience. Details will make your essays interesting, unique, specific.

    Distinctive features / Originality / Something interesting, funny.

    According to experts, "graduates (applicants) should not be afraid that they will go beyond the permissible, it is better to be themselves. Very often, graduates are concerned about whether they can make the right impression, so they remove from the essay everything that makes them outstanding. So safe, from an alumni point of view, essays are rather tedious to read. "

    You do not have to joke in your essays to make them interesting. However, try to use all the means at your disposal to make your essays memorable.

    The expert commission does not tolerate participants who like to splurge. It will be better if in the essay you reflect the true state of things. At the same time, do not focus on your shortcomings, although they are present in your character. One must be honest, but positive. Only speak positively about yourself and your qualities! The so-called "weaknesses" should be presented as follows: "it used to be my fault, but now it has turned into a positive quality."

    Representatives of expert commissions love such essays, which are a pleasure to read. "Make sure your essay is easy to read. Take some more time: check if your thoughts are consistent, whether they lead to a logical conclusion to the topic."

    "Humor is a great tool, but use it wisely. A sarcastic or bold tone is often annoying. Real humor is an art, it is a sign of good taste."

    In your essays you tell a success story, indicate the reasons why you want to build your career in the direction you have chosen. You can go even further by writing an essay in the form of a literary work: a story, a story. However, this is a risky approach, since most people are not very good writers, and besides, the seriousness of your story can be understated. And finally, employers will not invite you to their business just because you are a great storyteller.

    Essay Examples

    If you, dear readers, have already read the contents of the section "How to write an essay" and now have a good idea of ​​the structure and rules of writing an essay, are familiar with the methodology and imagine how to check an essay, what errors may occur when writing an essay, now, to compose a good an essay on a topic of your choice - you are missing the smallest: get acquainted with examples of essays. Examples by themselves - do not replace your composition. And you should not copy and display them as yours - this is an activity for losers, for those who cannot and are incapable. Examples are given here for others and for another - in order to improve understanding of the rules set out earlier, comparing them with the practical material given here.

    Such an essay is a free-form statement (usually a short one of no more than one page) of thoughts about the goals and meaning of a career for a graduate.

    Free form allows you to fully demonstrate creative abilities, originality and flexibility of thinking, written communication skills and effective self-presentation.

    In an essay on the topic of career, the applicant reveals his view of his career, describes the reasons and features of his choice of profession, characterizes the image of the future and reveals his own strategies for achieving career success.

    An example of writing an essay on the topic "Me and my career"

    In the life of every person comes the moment of making important decisions that determine his future path. The question of choosing a profession is undoubtedly one. Despite the fact that many graduates find themselves in areas not related to their professional orientation, I want to work in my specialty - “Roads and airfields”.

    I chose this direction for a reason - my parents also once took such a step. And although mom has not been working in her specialty for a long time, dad still remains true to his job. So we can safely say that we have a family of hereditary road workers. That is why it is so important for me to approach my business with great responsibility, not to face the dirt.

    Today, like hundreds of years ago, a significant part of the cargo and passenger transportation in the country is carried out by motorways, and that is why the main problem in the development of the infrastructure of the Russian Federation is the availability of high-quality and functional motorways. There are known cases of complete or partial destruction of the roadway almost immediately after construction, associated with the lack of professionalism of the road workers. And to solve this problem, specialists are needed who are able to competently manage the process of construction, repair and maintenance of roads.

    In modern conditions, companies engaged in the construction industry and applying for a leading position in the market need to use not only the accumulated experience, but also incorporate the achievements of modern science into the work process. The use of discoveries in the field of satellite systems and in the field of nanotechnology will allow Russian companies to enter the world level. But not only the success of companies depends on the implementation of know-how, but also the atmosphere within the team is an integral part of it. Well-coordinated work and understanding of the importance of processes are one of the main points of success in any business.

    In conclusion, I note that during the training process, I not only mastered the basic principles of road design, the technology of their construction, but also understood the physical meaning of each process of creating a road project. In my opinion, it is not just knowledge, but an understanding of the process that distinguishes an ordinary engineer from a professional who is able to see not only the problem in the future, but also the ways to solve it.

    Getting started, first you need to answer the question: what does the term “city” mean in the understanding of a sociologist? First of all, of course, this is society itself, without which the city is unthinkable, a society that changes day by day and at the same time changes this complex world created by people themselves throughout their entire existence.

    Concerning the problem of the city as an object for sociological analysis, it is worth mentioning the name of Robert Park, an American sociologist known for his research in the study of the urban environment. In his opinion, “it is in the urban environment - in the world that man created for himself - that humanity first rose to intellectual life and acquired those features that distinguish it most from animals and primitive people.” In this sense, the urban community is something unique, which in essence differs from nature, since many features that a person has managed to cultivate in himself during his life in a new environment are not typical for it.

    But let's take a look at the city from a different angle. On the one hand, it was with the help of the city that society was able to expand its capabilities, transform its life and make it much more comfortable. But what is the flip side of the coin? And here we come to the main topic of work: living in huge cities, where it would seem impossible to feel alone, people are increasingly moving away from each other. The words of the philosopher of the 16th century Rene Descartes: “Solitude must be sought in big cities” - is it worth saying how relevant this phrase is to the 21st century?

    Clinging to big cities in the hope of building a new, happy future, people often remain with nothing, feel like strangers in a new atmosphere and are lost among a huge number of townspeople like them. Over the past 50 years, the number of elderly people in Russia leading a lonely lifestyle has increased, and this trend continues to develop in a negative direction for society. The state is trying to deal with this social problem by supporting the creation of new nursing homes and sponsoring various events in every way aimed at helping pensioners and people with disabilities, but, unfortunately, this is not enough: people who are used to living alone can not overpower themselves and open up.

    This distrust of others is characteristic not only of the elderly category of people, but also of society as a whole. To prove this, you should at least go down to the Moscow metro: you can rarely see a person here whose face will not be overshadowed by the severity of daily worries and problems. Being in the car, you feel “a feeling of insecurity, your inappropriateness and at the same time a feeling of estrangement, a desire to distance yourself from another, watching whether you are going to get up and go out, or dangerously hanging over you.” It is not surprising why, in such an overwhelming atmosphere, everyone tries to close himself, to hide from external negativity, being locked in himself.

    Speaking about the problem of human loneliness in the city, I would like to recall the work of H.U. Zorbo "The Gold Coast and the slum." In it, the author showed two completely different at first glance Chicago's world: “the world of secular society” and “the world of furnished rooms”. You might think that there can be nothing in common between them, but what unites them is actually much more important than the financial situation or status in society. We are, of course, talking about the separation of people from each other. Perhaps, in the high society of the Gold Coast, this feeling of loneliness was not felt as strongly by the representatives of the world as the feeling of oppression and hopelessness experienced by the inhabitants of the “slums”. But if you look deeper, both the inhabitants of the Gold Coast and the inhabitants of the apartment buildings did not know a single person, only occasionally talking with some either for the sake of “showing off,” as happened in the “world of the Gold Coast”, or by chance, because among the residents of apartment buildings reigned "universal barrier of mistrust." It is difficult to say whether the situation has changed today, because still in our time people are trying to establish relations with at least those whom they see almost every day. But even if a person has several such acquaintances, can it be said that he is not alone?

    According to Georg Simmel, "the independence of the individual, resulting from the mutual isolation and indifference that make up the conditions of the spiritual life of our wide circles, is nowhere felt so much as in the cramped hustle of big cities, because physical closeness and crowding only emphasize spiritual remoteness." Indeed, it is precisely in a crush that a person especially acutely senses his own insignificance. Everyone knows this feeling: in the metro at rush hour, on a busy street, people do not notice each other, trying either to abstract from what is happening, or to throw out the accumulated negativity to anyone who is nearby. The question is, why is this happening? Why do people do everything possible to build insurmountable barriers around themselves, blocking them from the outside world, instead of, on the contrary, going towards each other?

    Perhaps this is one of the many tasks of the sociologist’s work - to understand the reason for such a negative and indifferent attitude of people towards each other, especially among residents of megacities, and, therefore, to answer the question of how to eradicate this all-consuming feeling of loneliness that affects everyone second living in the city. Now it’s hard to imagine how the society of our time would have looked if it hadn’t been so aggressive and indifferent, but most importantly, it can be said for sure that it would have been better in many ways, no matter how brave it may sound. That is why the research of the city does not stop, bringing us closer to the goal every day.

    Team or workgroup

    Our department - financial management - consists of 5 people, which is optimal from a sociological point of view.

    The department at its core most likely relates to the working team, as in the presence of all its characteristics. Members of our team:

    • стремятся к достижению общей цели,
    • решают определенные задачи как часть своих должностных обязанностей,
    • постоянно взаимодействуют и координируют свои усилия.
    • имеет место высокая частота взаимодействия членов команды,
    • достаточно продолжительный срок “жизни”.

    Уровню коллектива отдел еще не соответствует, т.к. отношения в отделе для каждого из нас не столь значимы, и активными их назвать трудно. Although, of course, the department is a holistic system where there is a distribution of functions, a structure of leadership and management. Also, working in the department, each of us develops and grows professionally.

    Each of the employees makes a separate contribution to the overall result according to its functions, maintains a separate section of the financial accounting for the holding, and this work does not have any interdependence. Therefore, in our case, the creation of a highly developed team is not very important. But since our location is such that we are in the same room, each of us contributes to the emotional sphere of the work team, which is very important. We all have a professional interest in our work, which thereby stimulates us to hold on to our place and not create confrontation. The problem of the contradiction between the individual interests of employees and group interests, as far as I know, is absent.

    If we observe our joint conversations, in which all employees take part, then this is usually "pulling the blanket over itself." No one in the department, including the CFO, is a leader, and no one has a particular influence on the collective opinion. But no one claims to be a leader. Employees behave openly and openly, freely expressing their opinions and are attentive to the opinions of others. I would even say that during non-working moments, people try to take revenge on the director for the fact that in the work sector they have to completely obey his decisions. But at the same time, this does not carry any negative consequences or repressions. Therefore, having poured out its negative in a non-working environment, the work in the department then continues in a coherent and positive manner.

    As for working meetings and meetings, there is an absolute dictatorship of the financial director. Employees, of course, express their proposals openly and honestly, as no one is hindering this, but after all the discussions, the director implements his decision, taken even before the meeting. Although, if the proposal has strong arguments, it will be accepted.

    If the CFO needs help in deciding on any particular issue, he will not hold a meeting, but will contact the official performing this work directly and solve the tête-à-tête issue.

    Communication structure and roles within the group

    The structure of our financial management refers to the frontal structure of communication channels. We are all in about